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CAUSES OF HARPPAN CIVILIZATION END

QUESTION: - Give information about the end of the Indus culture or the Harappan culture. The developed Harappan culture generally existed between 2500 BC and 1900, it can be believed that Harappan had a uniform lifestyle in its entire typography, but the uniformview began to change over time. By the 19th century BC, two important cities of Harrapan culture had disappeared. Causes of collapse No specific reasons for the decline of this culture have been ascertained.     Change in the environment can be an   important   reason. In the Harappan region, both the Yamuna and Sutlej rivers had moved away from the Saraswathi around 1700 BC, so the reduction in water supply could be considered as one of the reasons, and at the same time the rains would have decreased. The failure of humanactivities, such as the dam on the Indus, led to natural imbalances and floods that caused destruction. Problem in contact with art-business with    other cultures.   Around2000 BC, a powerfu

Jain Dharm Part-1

Many of the world's religions were born in India. One of which is Jainism .. At a time when Hinduism attaches special importance to expensive rituals, due to male-sacrifice and caste system, Jainism started as the beginning of classical reform.
Tirthankaras are important in Jainism. Tirthankara means "sanctifier".
The one who can do salvation in the world with his supernatural power as well as excellent character and knowledge is considered a Tirthankar.
Jainism is as old as Hindu civilization. The Rig Veda also contains information about Jainism.
There were 24 Tirthankaras in Jainism and they spread messages and teachings through their symbols.

Order

Tirthankar

Symbol

1

Rishabhdev

Taurus

2

Ajitnath

Elephant

3

Sambhavnath

Horse

4

Abhinandan

Monkey

5

Sumitnath

Crouch

6

Padmaprabhu

Lotus

7

Suparshvanath

Swastika

8

Chandraprabhu

The moon

9

Suvidhinath

Crocodile

10

Shitalnath

Shrivatsa

11

Shreyansanath

Rhino

12

Vasupujya

Shout

13

Vimalnath

Pig

14

Anantan

Falcon

15

Dharmanath

Vraj

16

Shantinath

Deer

17

Kunthunath

Goat

18

Arnath

Nandhavarta

19

Mallinath

Kalash

20

Munisunath

Tortoise

21

Neminath

Neelkamal

22

Aristhnemi

Conch

23

Parshvanath

Snake

24

Mahavira Swami

Lion


 
1. Rishabhdev: -Rishabhdev is believed to have started Jainism so he is called Adinath. Rishabhdev is also mentioned in the Rig Veda. Besides, according to Vishnu Purana, he was the eighth incarnation of Vishnu.

7. Suparshvanath: - The symbol of Suparshvanath was a swastika, which is considered a sacred symbol of Jainism.

19. Mallinath: - The only woman was a Tirthankar and her symbol is Kalash which is considered to be a sacred symbol of Jainism.

22. Arishtanemi: - Arishtanemi is mentioned in Rigveda. Besides, he was the uncle's son of Lord Krishna. His symbol is conch.

23. Parshvanath: - Parshvanath is known as Chaturthi. He was the son of Raja Ashwasena of the Ishwaku dynasty of Kashi. Mahavir Swami was his follower. His symbol was the snake.    

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