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QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT

QUESTION:-  Write an essay on the Quit India Movement.                                                                                        Or   What were the reasons for starting the Quit India Movement? Describe the progress, programmers and achievements of the movement.                                                                      Or Explain in detail the Quit India movement of 1942 and give it importance in India's freedom movement.                                                                      Or   Describe the circumstances of the Quit India Movement (1942) and explain the reasons for its failure. The failure of the Cripps mission caused a lot of disappointment among Indians. So Gandhiji started thinking seriously about the problems of the country. He concludedthat the real solution to Indian problems could be only when the British left India. He wrote in his newspaper Harijan that the British Government had been warned. "Leave India in god's trust.

Jain Dharm Part-2

Mahavira Swami was born in BC. 599 Ikshvakuvansh was born in Kshatriya Varna. His father Siddhartha's kingdom was Kundigram. His mother Trishladevi was the daughter of King Chetak of Licchavikul.
Mahavira Swami's original name was Vardhman, as it is believed that after his birth his father's kingdom gradually grew and hence the name Vardhman.
Vardhman had no interest in the world since childhood so his mother was worried. And his mother married him by saying.
He was married to Princess Yashoda Devi and had a daughter named Priyadarshina.
When his parents died at the age of 30, he sought permission from his elder brother Nandivardhan to retire and left the world.
Then for 12 years he did penance under the shawl tree on the banks of the river Jubbhik Sthal and Rujupalika and in the 13th year he attained Kevalyan. So that they are also called cavling.
After attaining Kevalya Gyan, he was freed from all the sorrows and happiness of the world so that he was called Nigrantha.
Also he overcame all the senses so that he was called Jin and his follower was called Jain.
He preached in Ardhi-Magadhi language. His first disciple was his son-in-law Jamali and the first disciple was Champa.
He gave his first sermon to his 11 disciples. In addition, the fifth Mahavrat Brahmacharya was given by Mahavir Swami.
According to the prediction made by Bhadrabahu in 300 BC after the Nirvana of Mahavira Swami, there will be a severe famine in Magadha for the next 12 years so that he went to Shravanabelgoda in Karnataka and while Sthulibahu stayed in Magadha and wrote the teachings of Lord Mahavira in the scripture.
When Bhadrabahu returned to Magadha, theoretical differences arose between Sthulibahu and Bhadrabahu. Due to which two sects fell in Jainism 1. Shwetambar and 2. Digambar.
Shwetambar etel wearing white clothes and Digambar etale wearing directional clothes.
Apart from King Kharvel of the Chola dynasty, Ganga, Rashtrakuta, Kadamba dynasties also gave shelter to Jainism through holidays. Besides, Mathura was the main center of Jainism.
Apart from this, Jainism was also spread in Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan. The huge idol of Bahubali at Shravanabelagoda in Mysore which is 58 feet high and the idol of Gomteshwar, the son of the first Tirthankar Adinath. The coronation is performed on this idol every 12 years. This idol is made by the holidays of the Ganges dynasty. Visits the fame of Jainism.
 
Tri-gem principle

Samyak Darshan: - That is to always see good things
Proper knowledge: - Always take knowledge of good things
Proper Character: - To live a life of excellent character
 
Philosophy

Karma is binding on the soul
Do not do new karma for the liberation of such karma
Doing penance to destroy the karma produced.
 
Gujarat and Jainism

Initially, Ashoka's grandson Samprati built Jain temples on Girnar hill. Apart from this, Samprati's temple is also located there.
The Jain temples on the Girnar hill are dedicated to the 22nd Tirthankar Lord Neminath.
Later, the friendly dynasty in Gujarat also accepted Jainism and spread it. Jainism was widely spread through Dhruvasen-1 and Shiladitya-1 in this dynasty.
Jainism was also accepted and spread by the Chavda dynasty. 
The temple of Lord Parshvanath was built at a cost of Rs. And Jainism was spread by Kumarapala.
Derasar on the Girnar and Palitana hills and Delwada on the Abu.
Jainism was also spread by the Vaghela dynasty.
 
Meetings of Jainism

Order

Time

Location

Chairman

Ruler

Function

1.

BC 298

Pataliputra

Sthulibahu

Chandragupta Morya

12 Agam formation

2.

AD 512

Vallabhipur

Devanidhi-kshma

Dhruvsen-1

12 Agams recorded


 
In the first general assembly of Jainism a total of 12 agams were formed which were oral at that time. But these 12 arrivals were recorded in writing when the second general assembly convened.
The first Jain Mahasabha was convened by Emperor Chandraguptamorya. The main purpose of which was to resolve the differences between Sthulibahu and Bhadrabahu. But this disagreement did not go away.
The important thing to understand here is that the first Mahasabha was convened by Chandraguptamorya whose chairman was Sthulibahu and it was the Shwetambar sect but Chandraguptamorya was a disciple of Bhadrabahu and he believed in the Digambar sect.    

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