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QUESTION: - Give information about the end of the Indus culture or the Harappan culture. The developed Harappan culture generally existed between 2500 BC and 1900, it can be believed that Harappan had a uniform lifestyle in its entire typography, but the uniformview began to change over time. By the 19th century BC, two important cities of Harrapan culture had disappeared. Causes of collapse No specific reasons for the decline of this culture have been ascertained.     Change in the environment can be an   important   reason. In the Harappan region, both the Yamuna and Sutlej rivers had moved away from the Saraswathi around 1700 BC, so the reduction in water supply could be considered as one of the reasons, and at the same time the rains would have decreased. The failure of humanactivities, such as the dam on the Indus, led to natural imbalances and floods that caused destruction. Problem in contact with art-business with    other cultures.   Around2000 BC, a powerfu

Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhiji was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar district. The place where he was born is now known as Kirti Mandir. October 2 is known as World Non-Violence Day.
Primary Education Alfred High School Rajkot, Shamaldas College Bhavnagar and LLB degree from London
The mother's name was Putlibai and the father's name was Karamchand Gandhi (K.B. Gandhi). Gandhiji was the 3rd child of his father's 4th wife.
Gandhiji had 3 engagements. Is.  Kasturba was 1 year older than Gandhiji. And became a father at the age of 18.
At the time of high school, Gandhiji's head master was Dorabji Edalji Gimi. And Krishnashankar, a teacher of Sanskrit.
At the age of 13, Gandhiji got into the habit of drinking beedi. At the age of 15, Gandhiji cut off his brother's gold bracelet and settled his debt of Rs. 25.
In 1887, Gandhiji passed the matriculation examination.
Gandhiji got the infallible power named Ram from his maid Rambhabai.
Gandhiji heard the lessons of Ramayana from Ladha Maharaj of Bileshwar.
Is. In 1888, on the advice of Mavji Dave, Gandhiji was sent abroad to study law.
During the trip to London, Gandhiji's fellow lawyer was Trambaklal Majmundar. Gandhiji was then 18 years old.
In 1891, Gandhiji obtained his barrister's degree from Inner Temple School.
Gandhiji started his advocacy from Rajkot and Mumbai.
After reading Salt's book "Advocacy of food", I became a complete believer in food.
Is. In 1894, the Natal Indian Congress was established in South Africa
Is. The first Satyagraha was held in South Africa in 1906.
Is. He was first imprisoned in South Africa in 1908
Is. In 1908, he wrote a book called Hind Swaraj aboard a ship from Germany to Africa.
Is. 1910 Tolstoy Farm was established. Another monastery in South Africa, the Phoenix Farm, was established in Durban.
Is. In 1904, South Africa launched a mouthpiece called "Indian Opinion" (in Gujarati, Hindi, English and Kannada).
Is. In 1906, at the age of 38, Gandhiji accepted celibacy.
Gandhiji spent a total of 21 years in South Africa.
Gandhiji returned to India on January 9, 1915. This day is known as Indian tourist day (bharatiy pravasi divas).
In 1915, Gandhiji established the first Kocharab Ashram in Ahmedabad, also known as Satyagraha Ashram.
In 1917, Gandhiji established another Sabarmati Ashram, also known as Harijan Ashram. Gandhiji lived here in Hridayakunj.
In 1915, Gandhiji was conferred the title of Kesar-e-Hind, which was returned to him during the 1921 Non-Cooperation Movement.
Is. Gandhiji became the President of the Congress for the first time in the Belgaum Convention of 1924 which was also the last.
Is. Gandhiji's autobiography was first published in 1927 in Navjivan newspaper.
Is. Gandhiji was named Man of the Year by Time Magazine in 1930.
The Wardha Ashram in Wardha (Pune) was established by Gandhiji in 1936.
Is. 1932 Founded the Harijan Sevak Sangh.
Is. In 1933, a mouthpiece named Harijan was started. Besides, the other two mouthpieces published by Gandhiji were Young India and Navjivan
Gandhiji was impressed by John Ruskin's book "Un to This Last" and translated it into Gujarati which was called "Sarvodaya".
Churchill called Gandhi a half-naked fakir.
Subhash Chandra Bose called Gandhiji the Father of the Nation, while Gandhiji called Subhash Chandra a patriot.
Rabindranath Tagore gave the title of Mahatma to Gandhiji, while Gandhiji called Rabindranath Tagore Gurudev
Zaverchand Meghani gave Gandhiji the title of Bapu, while Gandhiji called Zaverchand Meghani a national shire
Gandhi's political guru Gopal Krishna Gokhale was Gandhiji's spiritual guru Shrimad Rajchandra.
Gandhiji's confidant was Mahadevbhai Desai. He wrote a book called Mahadevbhai's Diary based on his and Gandhiji's memoirs.
Gandhiji's autobiography was translated into English by Mahadevbhai Desai.
After the death of Mahadevbhai Desai, Gandhiji's confidant was Pyarelal.
Miraben was a devotee of Gandhija. Her real name is Madeline Slade
Gandhiji wearing Monvrat on Monday.
Is. In 1912, Gandhiji had to give up milk completely. Gandhiji's goat was named Nirmala (Neema). Gandhiji started drinking goat's milk in 1918 due to a terminal illness.
Gandhi wrote three books, Truth Experiments, Hind Swaraj and Indian Home Rule.
Gandhiji's first Satyagraha in India Champaran Satyagraha in 1917
First Satyagraha Mill Labor Satyagraha in Gujarat Ahmedabad
Gandhiji was assassinated by Nathuram Godse after a prayer meeting at Birla Bhavan in Delhi on Friday, January 30, 1948. The day of Gandhiji's death is known as "Martyr's Day".
Kasturba Gandhi died of lung problems. His Samadhi is located at Aga Khan Palace, Pune. Mahadevbhai Desai's Samadhi is also at the same place.
Gangabah, a native of Vijapur, Vadodara, gave a rating to Gandhiji.   


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