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QUESTION: - Give information about the end of the Indus culture or the Harappan culture. The developed Harappan culture generally existed between 2500 BC and 1900, it can be believed that Harappan had a uniform lifestyle in its entire typography, but the uniformview began to change over time. By the 19th century BC, two important cities of Harrapan culture had disappeared. Causes of collapse No specific reasons for the decline of this culture have been ascertained.     Change in the environment can be an   important   reason. In the Harappan region, both the Yamuna and Sutlej rivers had moved away from the Saraswathi around 1700 BC, so the reduction in water supply could be considered as one of the reasons, and at the same time the rains would have decreased. The failure of humanactivities, such as the dam on the Indus, led to natural imbalances and floods that caused destruction. Problem in contact with art-business with    other cultures.   Around2000 BC, a powerfu

Subhash Chadra Bose

Subhash Chandra Bose and Azad Hind Foj: -

Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack, Bengal to a wealthy family. His father Janakinath was a lawyer while his mother Prabhavati was a housewife.
He passed his B.A examination in 1919 and then went to London to study for I.C.S (Indian Civil Service) where he passed 4th.
Due to his patriotism, he quit his job in the Indian Civil Service and joined the Congress for country service work.
At the behest of Gandhiji, he made Chitranjan Das his guru.
They took part in all the movements carried out by the Congress. And himself went to jail 11 times.
He twice became Congress president in 1938 and 1939. But due to ideological differences, he resigned from the Congress in 1939 and formed another party in the Congress called the "Forward Bloc".
He spoke out against Britain during World War II in which he did nothing to help Britain. So he was captured by the British and his party was banned.
He was taken into custody at his residence. From there they perished and reached Berlin via Peshawar, Kabul and Moscow and sought help from Hitler there, but were shown incompetence by Hitler.
But this time Bose gave a speech to the countrymen on Berlin Radio. They then reached Bangkok by submarine with the help of Hitler.
Arriving in Japan by plane from Bangkok, he met with Prime Minister Tojo in Japan and proposed a caretaker government, which was approved by Prime Minister Tojo.
Announcing on Tokyo Radio by Subhash Chandra Bose that he would invade British power from the eastern border of India.
Ras Bihari Bose, living in Japan and representing 5000 Indians, gave the leadership of Azad Hind Fauj to Subhash Chandra Bose. Its founder was Mohan Singh.
Subhash Chandra Bose then delivered a speech and said "Tum Mujhe Khun Do Mein Tumhe Azadi Dunga" and "Challo Dilli" (Challo Dilli).
He made Rangoon the headquarters of the Azad Hind Army. He also occupied the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and named them "Shahid" and "Swaraj" respectively.
He started a war against the British from the east of India in which he captured Kohima, Flam and Haka.
In Imphal, soldiers had to live on grass and flowers to get food, and many died of starvation.
Japan finally surrendered after being defeated in World War II.
Finally, on the night of August 18, 1945, Subhash Chandra Bose was severely burnt to death in a fire on a flight from Taipei to Tokyo. (This incident is still not considered honest)
The Azad Hind Army consisted of the Subhash Brigade, the Nehru Brigade and the Gandhi Brigade, while the women's brigade was called the Lakshmibai Regiment.
His flag was like the tricolor of the Congress with a roaring lion in the middle.
Among the leaders arrested from the Azad Hind Army were P.K. Sehgal, Colonel Gurudayal and Major Shahnawaz Khan were tried and released. His cash was fought by Tej Bahadur Sapru, Kailasanath Katju, Jawaharlal Nehru and Asaf Ali.
On 19 February 1946, about 5,000 Indian Navy soldiers revolted from Mumbai. And "(INS Talvar)" was inscribed with the badge of Azad Hind Foj. The surrender was made by these soldiers under the pressure of Sardar Patel.
 Then on February 20, 1946, there was a strike in Karachi by the Air Force.    


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