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QUESTION: - Give information about the end of the Indus culture or the Harappan culture. The developed Harappan culture generally existed between 2500 BC and 1900, it can be believed that Harappan had a uniform lifestyle in its entire typography, but the uniformview began to change over time. By the 19th century BC, two important cities of Harrapan culture had disappeared. Causes of collapse No specific reasons for the decline of this culture have been ascertained.     Change in the environment can be an   important   reason. In the Harappan region, both the Yamuna and Sutlej rivers had moved away from the Saraswathi around 1700 BC, so the reduction in water supply could be considered as one of the reasons, and at the same time the rains would have decreased. The failure of humanactivities, such as the dam on the Indus, led to natural imbalances and floods that caused destruction. Problem in contact with art-business with    other cultures.   Around2000 BC, a powerfu

Macedonian invasion

Greek Invasion: -

The prosperity of India was praised by Herodotus, the father of history, and other Greek writers, so Alexander was tempted to invade India. He was also fond of geographical history.
Alexander was the son of King Philip of the Macedonian kingdom. He came to the throne at the age of 20 and reached the western part of India with the desire to become a world champion.
He was helped by King Ambhi of Taxila. So Ambhi is considered to be India's first traitor. Alexander then asked the surrounding kings to join him.
Which was opposed by King Puru (Porus) of the Kekav kingdom and challenged for war. As a result, Puru was defeated in a fierce battle on the banks of the Jhelum river and Puru was abandoned.
The war-weary soldiers no longer allowed Alexander to fight. So Alexander returned home.
Also, according to a legend, after defeating Porus, Alexander was to invade Magadha, which at that time was ruled by Dhananda, king of the Nand dynasty. And this Dhanananda had the largest army in the world at that time. This frustrated Alexander's troops.
The Gandhara Shelley sculpture came to India from the Greek invasion.
Alexander stayed in India for a total of 19 months and fought.
Alexander's invasion marked the beginning of a new chapter in India's trade with the Greeks, as well as the development of astronomy and science.   


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