Gupta Period Architecture -2 Skip to main content


The philosophy of life of Swami Dayanand Saraswati is expressed through the principles and actions of the Arya Samaj. Clarify.

INTRODUCTION The rise and development of nationalism in India in general arose due to colonial rule. For example, the establishment of new institutions, new employment opportunities, and excessive use of resources In other words, nationalism in India emerged through some colonial policies as well as as a reaction against some colonial policies. But after studying the different circumstances, it can be logically said that the emergence of nationalism in India was not just a single cause but a composite reflection of various factors. BODY Swami Dayanand believed that the essence of the Arya Samaj, if not far beyond the religious periphery, was to say that the purpose of one's life should be to work for the physical, social, and spiritual welfare of the people. He gave more importance to mass upliftment than individual upliftment. He said that social welfare and collective upliftment are possible only when one has a sense of service and sacrifice. Swami Dayanand opposed the outwa

Gupta Period Architecture -2

Cave of Nashik: -
  • Bound in the first century. There are 3 Buddhist caves.
  • This cave is also called "Pandavaleni".
  • There is no picture of Lord Buddha here, his position symbol and throne are depicted.
  • It is believed to be the caves of the Hinayana sect.

Mandapeshwar Cave: -
  • This cave was built in the 9th century.
  • This cave is of Brahmin style.
  • These caves were later turned into caves of Christianity.

Stupa: -
  • The construction of stupas was reduced in the Gupta period.

Sculpture: -
  • Sculpture was very developed in Sarnath.
  • Now the idol was found in cream and blue stone and the construction of the metal idol began.

Architecture of temples
  • The arrangement of temples started from Gupta period.
  • The architecture of the temples was developed in five stages.

First step: -
  • The roofs of the temples were flat.
  • There were 3 square shaped temples.
  • Built on a column
  • Low altitude.

Second Stage
  • Construction began on the stage
  • The sanctum sanctorum was covered on all sides
  • The circumference was from the formation of the path.

Third stage: -
  • A mountain-like part was built at the top of the temple.
  • Panchayati style construction started.
  • The temples of four other deities were kept in place of the main deities.
  • The stage is kept wide while the main part is small in height.

Fourth step: -
  • In this phase the construction of rectangles started.

Fifth step: -
  • At this stage the temple began to become rectangular and round.

Highlights of Hindu Temple: -
  • Garbha Griha: - Usually a small room in which the main deity is installed.
  • Mandap: - The entrance of the temple is a place of worship.
  • Peak: - A mountain or pyramid-like part above the roof.
  • Vehicle: - The chief deity has a seat or vehicle. Which is to be held in front of the main deity.


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