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QUESTION: - Give information about the end of the Indus culture or the Harappan culture. The developed Harappan culture generally existed between 2500 BC and 1900, it can be believed that Harappan had a uniform lifestyle in its entire typography, but the uniformview began to change over time. By the 19th century BC, two important cities of Harrapan culture had disappeared. Causes of collapse No specific reasons for the decline of this culture have been ascertained.     Change in the environment can be an   important   reason. In the Harappan region, both the Yamuna and Sutlej rivers had moved away from the Saraswathi around 1700 BC, so the reduction in water supply could be considered as one of the reasons, and at the same time the rains would have decreased. The failure of humanactivities, such as the dam on the Indus, led to natural imbalances and floods that caused destruction. Problem in contact with art-business with    other cultures.   Around2000 BC, a powerfu

Gupta Period Architecture -1

Temples: -
  • Considered the golden age of Indian architecture.
  • The architecture of the temples came into existence.
  • The temple of Lord Vishnu was built in the north and central direction, the temple of Shiva in the south direction and the temple of goddesses in the east direction.

Caves: -
  • Murals were the most widely painted.
  • The cave of Ajanta developed. Ajanta Cave is located in Aurangabad, Maharashtra.
  • There are 6 caves in total. In which there are 3 viharas and 3 chaityas.
  • 30 BC to AD This cave continued to develop till 20.
  • Fresco painting has been used. Red is widely used in painting while brown is not.
  • Cave No. 12 is a masterpiece of architecture.
  • All pictures are based on Buddhism.
  • Ellora Cave 32 A set of caves
  • In which 12 caves are based on Brahmin style, 12 caves are based on Buddha style and 4 caves are based on Jain style.
  • AD 7 to AD By 11 the cave was developed. Artists from Vidarbha, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka have contributed to this.
  • The caves of Ellora are the latest than the caves of Ajanta.
  • The caves of Ellora are located on the slopes of the mountains.
  • The caves of Ellora 3 are gardeners and the caves have courtyards.
  • Cave number 10 is dedicated to Vishwakarma.
  • Cave number 12 is based on the story "Ravana's ditch".
  • Cave number 12 is identified with Dashavtar cave.
  • Cave number 12 is the cave of Kailash temple. Which is produced by Rashtrakuta Rajo.
  • There are two famous Jain caves "Indrasabha" and "Jagganath Sabha".

Tiger Cave: -
  • Located on the banks of the river Wagh in Madhya Pradesh.
  • It was built in the 6th century.
  • 9 Buddhist caves are located.
  • Cave-like architecture of Ajanta

Cave of Junagadh: -
  • Located in Uparkot area of ​​Junagadh.
  • Prayer meeting is the specialty of this cave.
  • It is located 20 to 5 feet above the 6th floor.


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