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QUESTION: - Give information about the end of the Indus culture or the Harappan culture. The developed Harappan culture generally existed between 2500 BC and 1900, it can be believed that Harappan had a uniform lifestyle in its entire typography, but the uniformview began to change over time. By the 19th century BC, two important cities of Harrapan culture had disappeared. Causes of collapse No specific reasons for the decline of this culture have been ascertained.     Change in the environment can be an   important   reason. In the Harappan region, both the Yamuna and Sutlej rivers had moved away from the Saraswathi around 1700 BC, so the reduction in water supply could be considered as one of the reasons, and at the same time the rains would have decreased. The failure of humanactivities, such as the dam on the Indus, led to natural imbalances and floods that caused destruction. Problem in contact with art-business with    other cultures.   Around2000 BC, a powerfu

Great Poet Kalidasa

 According to legends and legends, Kalidasa was physically very beautiful and was one of the Navratnas of Vikramaditya's court. In early life, Kalidas is said to have been illiterate and foolish.

Kalidas is married to a princess named Vidyottama. It is said that Vidyottama vowed that whoever defeated him in debate would marry him. When Vidyottama defeated all the scholars in the scriptures, some scholars expressed the defeat as Vidyottama's marriage to take revenge. To get it, Vidyottama decided to get married with a great person. 

While walking, he saw a tree where a person was cutting the branch on which he was sitting. They thought that no one would get a bigger fool than this. He brought her down by giving her the temptation of marrying the princess and said- "Take silence and just do what we say".

They pretended in disguise and presented to Vidyottama that our The Guru has come to speak to you, but he is still silent, so he will answer with the help of his hand. Understanding these signs, we will answer you in speech. The debate began. 

Vidyottama used to ask esoteric questions in the silent vocabulary, which Kalidas used to answer with his intellect by silent signals. As a first question Vidyottama showed a finger with the hint that Brahma is one. But Kalidas understood that this The princess wants to blow one of my eyes. In anger, he indicated two fingers in the sense that if you blow one of my eyes, I will break both your eyes. But the hypocrites explained their sign in such a way that you are saying that Brahm is one, but our Guru is saying that to get that one Brahma to prove, one has to take help of another (Jagat). Brahman alone cannot prove himself. 

Rule As a second question, Kumari showed that the element is five. So Kalidas thought it was threatening to slap. In response, Kalidas showed a punch that if you slap me on the cheek, I will spoil your face by punching me. The hypocrites explained that the Guru is trying to say that even if you are saying that the five elements are different earth, water, sky, air and fire. But this element in the first instance We cannot do any specific work, but together they form a perfect human body, which is the best work of God. 

Thus from the Q&A finally Vidyottama accepts his defeat. Then Kalidasa and Vidyottama get married according to the condition. After marriage, Kalidas comes to his hut with Vidyottama and on the first night, when the two are together, then the same The sound of the camel is heard in time. Vidyottama asks in Sanskrit "Kemetat" but Kalidasa did not know Sanskrit, that's why "Otra" came out of his mouth. At that time Vidyottama comes to know that Kalidas is illiterate. 

He cursed Kalidas and drove him out of the house saying that he would not return home without becoming a true scholar. Kalidas worshiped Kali Devi with a sincere heart and with her blessings she learned And became rich. 

When he returned home after attaining knowledge, he knocked on the door and said - Kapatam open-air beauty! (Open the door, beautiful). Vidyottama was surprised and said - Asti kashchid vagvishesh (seems to be a scholar).


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