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QUESTION: - Give information about the end of the Indus culture or the Harappan culture. The developed Harappan culture generally existed between 2500 BC and 1900, it can be believed that Harappan had a uniform lifestyle in its entire typography, but the uniformview began to change over time. By the 19th century BC, two important cities of Harrapan culture had disappeared. Causes of collapse No specific reasons for the decline of this culture have been ascertained.     Change in the environment can be an   important   reason. In the Harappan region, both the Yamuna and Sutlej rivers had moved away from the Saraswathi around 1700 BC, so the reduction in water supply could be considered as one of the reasons, and at the same time the rains would have decreased. The failure of humanactivities, such as the dam on the Indus, led to natural imbalances and floods that caused destruction. Problem in contact with art-business with    other cultures.   Around2000 BC, a powerfu

Maharshi Charak- Father of Madicine

Maharshi Charak- Father of Madicine

Maharshi Charak is well known as a Ayurveda Visharad. He was the king of the Kushan state. Charaka Samhita composed by him is a famous Ayurveda book. It mentions curative and prophylactic drugs and describes the consumption and consumption of metals like gold, silver, iron, mercury etc. Acharya Charaka added few space and chapter to Agniveshtra of Acharya Agnivesh and gave it a great look which we all know today as Charaka Samhita. Charaksamhita is famous in Ayurveda.

It is known from the ancient Vemayana parishikhan that in those days the Granth or Tantra was composed in the name of a branch. Like the Kathopanishad was formed in the Kath branch. Branches or Charan were schools in those days, where various subjects were studied. Therefore, it is possible that Charaka Samhita has been rewarded in Charaka branch.

Some words of Pali literature are found in Charakasamhita, such as Avakranti, Jentak (Jantak - Vinayapitaka), Bhangodana, Khuddak, Bhootdhatri (for sleep). With this, the sermon of Charaksamhita is fixed after the Upanishads and before the Buddha. It was revived around 78 AD at the time of Kanishka.

The Chinese translation of the Tripitaka mentions Charaka as the king of the Kanishka. But Kanishka was Buddhist and his poet Ashwaghosh was also Buddhist, but there is a strong refutation of Buddhism in Charaka Samhita. Therefore, the relationship between Charak and Kanishka seems to be not only doubtful but impossible. In the absence of sufficient evidence, it is difficult to settle the vote.
Two thousand years ago, such self-respecting doctors have been born in India. Who wrote a book called "Charaka Samhita" on physiology, diagnostics and embryology in the field of Ayurveda medicine. This book is still highly respected in the medical world.

Charak was a disciple of Vaishampayan. In their Charaka Samhita text, more description of the northwestern region of India appears to be from that region too. Probably he was born in Nagavansh.

Charak said- "The doctor who does not understand the body of the sick person with the his/her of knowledge and understanding, how can he cure the disease." Therefore, first of all the reasons that affect the patient, then it should be treated. The more important thing is to avoid disease and not cure. "

Charaka was the first physician who gave the concept of digestion, metabolism (process related to food-digestion) and body immunity. According to them, defects are caused due to bile, phlegm and air in the body. These defects occur when blood, flesh and marrow react to the food eaten.

Charaka has also clarified here that food eaten in the same quantity causes different defects in different bodies, that is, one body is different from another body. He said that disease arises when all the three defects of the body become imbalanced. To balance them, he made many medicines.

Importance of Charak Samhita

There is no mention in the history about the life of Acharya Charaka (Charaka), but his life gets glimpses from his written Charaka Samhita. 

Charaka Samhita is the oldest book of Ayurveda. 

In fact, this book is a collection of knowledge of sages Atreya and Punavasu, which 

Charaka modified and presented in his style. Some people call Agnivesh only 

Charak. Agnivesh Charak born in Dwapar Yuga is the only one.

In the sutra place there is a description of diet-eating, diet-inhalation, treatment of physical and mental diseases.

Knowing the causes of diseases in the diagnosis place, there are information about 8 major diseases.

There is mention of delicious, delicious, nutritious food in the aircraft.

In the body space, the importance of the creation of the human body, the process of development of the child in the womb and its stages is explained.

Description of the medical system of diseases in the sense space,

Treatment of certain diseases in the medical space

Treatment of certain diseases in the medical space

Simple treatment 

There is information about some common diseases in Siddhi place, there is no mention of surgical procedure in them.

Best book

Considered to be the masterpiece of Ayurveda, "Charaka Samhita", apart from India, catering and lifestyle of Yavan, Shaka, Chinese, etc. are also mentioned. This book has also been translated into worls many languages. The famous Arab historian and scholar AlBaruni also said, "A book of Hindus called Charak samhita Is famous, which will help and can be considered the best book of medicine. "


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