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QUESTION: - Give information about the end of the Indus culture or the Harappan culture. The developed Harappan culture generally existed between 2500 BC and 1900, it can be believed that Harappan had a uniform lifestyle in its entire typography, but the uniformview began to change over time. By the 19th century BC, two important cities of Harrapan culture had disappeared. Causes of collapse No specific reasons for the decline of this culture have been ascertained.     Change in the environment can be an   important   reason. In the Harappan region, both the Yamuna and Sutlej rivers had moved away from the Saraswathi around 1700 BC, so the reduction in water supply could be considered as one of the reasons, and at the same time the rains would have decreased. The failure of humanactivities, such as the dam on the Indus, led to natural imbalances and floods that caused destruction. Problem in contact with art-business with    other cultures.   Around2000 BC, a powerfu

Turkan-e-Chahal Gani Iltumish a group of slave officers

QUESTION:- What was 'Turkan-e-Chahal Gani'? Discuss its impact on contemporary politics.


The Turkan-e-Chahal Gani Iltumish a group of slave officers, for forty is of no particular importance, as less than 25 such slave officers are mentioned in the list of the rich of Ittush.


The Discussion of The Turkan-e-ChahalGani of influence in contemporary politics is as follows:

On the one hand, the swami bhakti of the members of the Turkan-e-Chahal Gani, which is beneficial for the health of the Sultanate, was also a major obstacle in the future.

The members of the Turkan-e-Chahalani did not act as an organized body after Iltumish, which created a direct opposite situation at the level of governance and governance.

The members of The Turkan-e-Chahal gani were not ready to bow down to each other, who had difficulty managing the rule and administration of the Sultanate.

These sectors (units) demanded equality from each other in the sharing of powers, positions and values, which conspired against the Centre in the absenceof receipts.

The rich of Turkan-e-Chahalgani were proud of themselves and did not consider thefree rich (both Turks and Tajiks) to be equal, causing trouble in governance.

After Iltush's death, I agreed that the descendants of Iltush should sit on the throne of Delhi, but all power and power should remainin their hands.

King was the main role of a strong group of slave officers in the throne.


In conclusion, the members of The Turkan-e-Chahlani had an effective role to play in contemporary politics. These members could have given better status and direction to the Sultanate in a streamlined manner, but that was not possible.


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