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CAUSES OF HARPPAN CIVILIZATION END

QUESTION: - Give information about the end of the Indus culture or the Harappan culture. The developed Harappan culture generally existed between 2500 BC and 1900, it can be believed that Harappan had a uniform lifestyle in its entire typography, but the uniformview began to change over time. By the 19th century BC, two important cities of Harrapan culture had disappeared. Causes of collapse No specific reasons for the decline of this culture have been ascertained.     Change in the environment can be an   important   reason. In the Harappan region, both the Yamuna and Sutlej rivers had moved away from the Saraswathi around 1700 BC, so the reduction in water supply could be considered as one of the reasons, and at the same time the rains would have decreased. The failure of humanactivities, such as the dam on the Indus, led to natural imbalances and floods that caused destruction. Problem in contact with art-business with    other cultures.   Around2000 BC, a powerfu

QUESTION. What is the way in which the copper age culture is ahead of the culture of the StoneAge? Criticize.

 

INTRODUCTION

At the end of the long journey of the Stone Age, man found metal residues during the discovery of new types of stones and began to form metal tools. The copper age began with the widespread use of copper and copper and bronze in metals, followed by the Bronze Age.

 

MAIN BODY

Speciality of Copper age culture

  • social level

  1. The role of family organisation in this culture was more than that of other cultures.
  2. Ifyou find a house anda building in the city, youcan find a main family as well as other small houses in the city.
  3. People of the copper age culture mostly developed the village away from the hill.
  4. The largest villages in the peninsula were then inhabited.

  • Art workmanship

  1. Fine stone and stone crafted copper tools along with other tools.
  2. People knew the art of melting  copper.
  3. Many copper tools have been found in the central Ganga  region. 
  4. Black and red mudbhanda was used  especially by people.
  5. The painted mridbhanda has been first used during this period.

  • Agriculture

  1. Especially in western India, barley, wheat and moong and rice were produced in south-east  India.
  2. People of the copper age era used to do mixed farming.
  3. Apart from the main grain, he also cultivated millets
  4. Most of the grain  evidence is found in Navdaloti in Maharashtra.
  5. All the grains found herehave not been found from any other archaeological site in India.
  6. Cotton was also produced in black soil.

  • Method of worship

  1. In the copper age culture, there is a study of shav-samskara and puja system. 
  2. The body of Maharashtamran was buried under the house.  No separate cemetery was found.
  3. There was faith in the hereafter, so other things were kept along with the burial.  
  4. Idols of a clay woman have been found so it can be assumed that the mother goddess must be worshipped here.
  5. The idol of Taurus is also found. Taurus will be a symbol of religious worship.

CONCLUSION

In this way, in the case ofsociety, culture, art and crafts, the copper age culture, other stone could be said to be different and ahead of the culture.

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