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QUESTION:-  Write an essay on the Quit India Movement.                                                                                        Or   What were the reasons for starting the Quit India Movement? Describe the progress, programmers and achievements of the movement.                                                                      Or Explain in detail the Quit India movement of 1942 and give it importance in India's freedom movement.                                                                      Or   Describe the circumstances of the Quit India Movement (1942) and explain the reasons for its failure. The failure of the Cripps mission caused a lot of disappointment among Indians. So Gandhiji started thinking seriously about the problems of the country. He concludedthat the real solution to Indian problems could be only when the British left India. He wrote in his newspaper Harijan that the British Government had been warned. "Leave India in god's trust.

Mauryan Empire Part-1

An empire that has a lot to hear about, but nothing to see. The Morya dynasty may be called the first dynasty of India. Because the real history of India comes from the Morya dynasty. We do not have any information about what happened in India before the Mauryan dynasty. We have to rely on foreign writers. Such as Herodotus, the father of history. The book of Herodotus describes the invasion of India by Iran.
So let's talk about Moryavansh, where did the information about Moryavansh coming from in India come from? Or what is the proof of Moryavansh on India? The answer to this question is to look at the source of information of the Moryavansh. Sources of information can be found in the palaces of the Morya dynasty, literature, stories, plays, relics found by the Archaeological Department, etc.
If we look at the architecture of the Moryavansh, the inscriptions, inscriptions, column inscriptions, stupas and caves of Barobar built by Ashoka can only be seen at present. Morya-era palaces are not seen at present, due to the fact that these palaces were made of wood which was destroyed over time. The Iranian invasion of India led to the introduction of Iranian architecture in India and the Moryavans were influenced by this style. So that the architecture of the Morya dynasty is the most Iranian-style.

Important Inscriptions of Ashoka: -

Dholi is located in the entire district of Orissa
Shahbaz Gadhi - Peshawar, Pakistan
Mansehra - In the Hazara district of Pakistan
Kalsi- In Dehradun district of Uttarakhand
Zogarh- In Zogarh district of Orissa
Sopara- Palghar in Maharashtra
Eragudi- In Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh
Girnar - In Junagadh district of Gujarat

Topics of 14 inscriptions of Ashoka: -

Inscription-1: - Animal sacrifice has been banned.
Inscription-2: - Social welfare and human and veterinary medicine are described.
Inscription-3: - Regional, Rajuk and Yukto were sent to different places every 5 years for the purpose of propagating the religion. In addition, saving, religious rules and less waste are the same as following religion.
Inscription-4: - Leaving the policies of war, Ashoka adopted the policy of religion.
Inscription-5: - Dharma Mahamatras were appointed. (Women were also appointed as Dharma Mahamatra.
Inscription-6: - Information about self control is given.
Inscriptions-7 and 8: - Information has been given about the pilgrimage made by Ashoka. The inscription 7 is the longest in the text.
Inscription-9: - Information about etiquette has been given.
Inscription-10: - To think that kings and officials do not always do public welfare.
Inscription-11: - Religion has been defined.
Inscription-12: - Religious Tolerance and Appointment of Female Mahamatra.
Inscription-13: - The battle of Kalinga is described. Also, information about Ashok's change of heart is found.
Inscription-14: - Inspires people to live a religious life.
The source of information on the Moryavansh is found in most of the books written at that time. Books of this period including Arthashastra written by Kautilya, Indica written by Ambassador Megasthenes and Mudrarakshas by Visakhadatta in the Gupta dynasty.

Economics: -

Economics composed by Kautilya was formed in the fourth century BC. In which monarchy, agriculture, justice, social system, theology and political system are mentioned. Compiled by Kautilya, the book was divided into 15 parts. But currently only 3 parts of this book are available.

Indica: -

This book is considered to be a supplementary book on economics. Indica was written in 7 parts. In which information of town, army and governance system of Morya state is received. The Indica of Megasthenes contains special information about the city of Pataliputra. Which Megasthenes calls "polybrotha". Polybrotha means gate town. According to Indica, Patliputra had a total of 64 gates. In addition, the city was surrounded by wooden fences.

Mudrarakshas: -

The book was written by Vishakhadatta in the Gupta dynasty in the fourth century. In which the information of Chandraguptamorya is received. In which his coronation mentions his war and Chanakya policies. Originally this text was written in Sanskrit language. But it was translated into Hindi by Bhartendu Harishchandra in the 18th century which made the book very famous.   


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